Brief Report: Social Isolation and Loneliness are Risk Factors for Worsening Parkinson’s Symptoms

"A person is a person through other persons; you can't be human in isolation; you are human only in relationships." Desmond Tutu "There is a difference between solitude and isolation. One is connected and one isn't. Solitude replenishes, isolation diminishes." Henry Cloud Précis: Humans need connection, contact, and social interactions to thrive and survive. We …

Basal Ganglia, Nigrostriatal Pathway and Parkinson’s

"Hope arouses, as nothing else can arouse, a passion for the possible." William Sloane Coffin "Walk on, walk on with hope in your heart, and you'll never walk alone, you'll never walk alone." Oscar Hammerstein II Introduction: I have been trying to learn more about brain physiology and the inner workings as it relates to …

Cytokines Linked to Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms of Parkinson’s

"Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step." Lao Tzu "When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be." Lao Tzu Introduction: There are many ways that Parkinson’s begins. …