Reflection on Friday- Exercise is Medicine

“Neurons that fire together wire together. Mental states become neural traits. Day after day, your mind is building your brain. This is what scientists call experience-dependent neuroplasticity,” Rick Hanson “Any man could, if he were so inclined, be the sculptor of his own brain.” Santiago Ramón y Cajal The Brain and the Central Nervous System …

Parkinson’s and Axial Mobility (Part 1, Cervical Spine)

"Lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being" Plato "If we could give every individual the right amount of nourishment and exercise, not too little and not too much, we would have found the safest way to health." Hippocrates Introduction: The function of our spine and all the bones and muscles, and associated …

Science Tuesday: Sublingual Carbidopa/Levodopa

"The human brain doesn't come with an instruction manual." Bill Engvall "The great events of the world take place in the brain." Oscar Wilde Levodopa: Levodopa markedly improves motor symptoms for the majority of people with Parkinson’s. The pharmacological effectiveness of levodopa is quite good; however, it has less efficiency in controlling the non-motor symptoms. …

Apathy and Parkinson’s

"Apathy is the acceptance of the unacceptable." John Stott "I don't know, I don't care, and it doesn't make any difference." Jack Kerouac Definition: Apathy (ap·a·thy, /ˈapəTHē/) lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern. Occurrence of Apathy in Parkinson's: The presence of apathy in Parkinson's is between 17% to 70%, the wide range is partly due …

Botulinum Toxin for Treatment of Dystonia, Sialorrhea (Drooling), and Tremor in Parkinson’s

"Being happy doesn't mean that everything is perfect. It means that you've decided to look beyond the imperfections." Gerard Way "Rules for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for." Immanuel Kant Introduction:  I have a new friend with Parkinson's. He has always been very active and genuinely enjoys playing golf. However, he …

Treating Parkinson’s with Carbidopa/Levodopa

"If you are always trying to be normal you will never know how amazing you can be." Maya Angelou "Hope and fear cannot occupy the same space. Invite one to stay." Maya Angelou Précis: This blog post's primary goal is to present an overview of Carbidopa/Levodopa (originally named Sinemet) for treating Parkinson's. A secondary objective was …

Journey With Parkinson’s: (Part 2) A Different Side of Life

"Yesterday is but today's memory, and tomorrow is today's dream." Khalil Gibran "Time is free, but it's priceless. You can't own it, but you can use it. You can't keep it, but you can spend it. Once you've lost it you can never get it back." Harvey Mackay Introduction: I am a scientist, trained as …

Cytokines Linked to Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms of Parkinson’s

"Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step." Lao Tzu "When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be." Lao Tzu Introduction: There are many ways that Parkinson’s begins. …

Part 3: Journey to Parkinson’s and Polysomnography (Sleep Study)

"Sleep is like the unicorn - it is rumored to exist, but I doubt I will see any" Dr. Seuss "Sleep is the most blessed and blessing of all natural graces." Aldous Huxley Introduction: Along the way to the diagnosis of Parkinson's, you may have to undergo several different kinds of examinations. These tests will …

The 2019 World Parkinson Congress in Kyoto, Japan

"Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and diligence." Abigail Adams "Believe in yourself and all that you are. Know that there is something inside you that is greater than any obstacle." Christian D. Larson Introduction to the 5th World Parkinson Congress (WPC) in Kyoto, Japan from June 4-7, …