Human Gut Microbes Identified That Process Levodopa

"Symbiosis is a much higher reflection of intelligent life." Frederick Lenz "Why do we do basic research? To learn about ourselves." Walter Gilbert Overview: Reading the article entitled "Discovery and inhibition of an interspecies gut bacterial pathway for Levodopa metabolism" from V. Maini Rekdal et al., Science 364, eaau6323 (2019) (DOI: 10.1126/science.aau6323- open access) made …

Neurological Mayhem by Dual Antioxidative and Anti-inflammatory Agents in Aged Parkinson’s Mice

"No person was ever honored for what he received. Honor has been the reward for what he gave." Calvin Coolidge "The most reliable way to predict the future is to create it." Abraham Lincoln Introduction: Recently, Jeff Keegan asked me if I had seen the paper by Gil-Martínez et al., an established Parkinson's research group …

Managing Chronic Pain in Parkinson’s Disease

"Behind every beautiful thing, there's some kind of pain." Bob Dylan "You feel your strength in the experience of pain." Jim Morrison An Aging Population with Chronic Pain: The definition of chronic pain is pain that continues beyond the expected time of healing. Chronic pain can increase frailty, and it's linked to falls, sleep disruption, …

Parkinson’s and Sialorrhea (Drooling or Excessive Salivation)

"The good physician treats the disease; the great physician treats the patient who has the disease." Sir William Osler "Listen to your patient, he is telling you the diagnosis." Sir William Osler Précis: The medical term used for excessive drooling is sialorrhea [si·al·or·rhe·a (sī-ăl′ə-rē′ə)]. Hockstein et al. said, "Sialorrhea (drooling or excessive salivation) is a …

Whey Protein Supplements May Increase Glutathione in Parkinson’s

"Basic research is what I am doing when I don't know what I am doing." Wernher von Braun "As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality." Albert Einstein Overview: In 1989, Riederer and others demonstrated that …

Brief Report: Link Between Physical Activity and Health-related Quality of Life in Parkinson’s

"The body achieves what the mind believes." Jim Evans “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving.” Albert Einstein Overview: Dr. Ehlen and associates work in the Department of Neurology, Charité-University Medicine, Berlin, Germany and Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht, Netherlands.  Their publication is open-access and is cited …

Brief Report: Benefit of Probiotic Supplements in Parkinson’s

“Taking probiotics is a habit that can really benefit the digestive system, which is intricately connected to our overall health.”  Dr. Michael F. Roizen “Compelling new studies are showing how probiotics can help keep healthy people healthy. One study showed a decreased incidence of common infectious diseases among kids in day care.”  Dr. Mary Ellen …