Manganese-induced Parkinsonism Compared to Parkinson’s Disease

"Science is a way of thinking much more than it is a body of knowledge." Carl Sagan "Imagination is more important than knowledge." Albert Einstein What is Manganese? Manganese is abbreviated by the symbol Mn and it is atomic number 25 (see Periodic Table of the Elements).  Manganese is considered a transition metal, which is …

Human Gut Microbes Identified That Process Levodopa

"Symbiosis is a much higher reflection of intelligent life." Frederick Lenz "Why do we do basic research? To learn about ourselves." Walter Gilbert Overview: Reading the article entitled "Discovery and inhibition of an interspecies gut bacterial pathway for Levodopa metabolism" from V. Maini Rekdal et al., Science 364, eaau6323 (2019) (DOI: 10.1126/science.aau6323- open access) made …

Neurological Mayhem by Dual Antioxidative and Anti-inflammatory Agents in Aged Parkinson’s Mice

"No person was ever honored for what he received. Honor has been the reward for what he gave." Calvin Coolidge "The most reliable way to predict the future is to create it." Abraham Lincoln Introduction: Recently, Jeff Keegan asked me if I had seen the paper by Gil-Martínez et al., an established Parkinson's research group …

Journey with Parkinson’s: Brief Reports on Current Research/Issues

"There is a single light of science, and to brighten it anywhere is to brighten it everywhere." Isaac Asimov “Live neither in the past nor in the future, but let each day’s work absorb your entire energies, and satisfy your widest ambition.”  Sir William Osler Introduction: For the following reasons, I would like to introduce and …

Planet Patient vs Planet Researcher: From Both Sides, Now

"I cannot always control what goes on outside. But I can always control what goes on inside." Wayne Dyer "Judge a man by his questions rather than his answers." Voltaire Setting the Stage: This is Mariëtte Robijn-  She lives in the Netherlands and was diagnosed with Parkinson's at the young age of 46.  Mariëtte has …

Parkinson’s Awareness Month: The Science Behind How Exercise Slows Disease Progression

"Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do." John Wooden "To enjoy the glow of good health, you must exercise." Gene Tunney Précis: For Parkinson's Awareness Month, let's begin with an important reminder/statement that "Exercise is medicine for Parkinson's disease."  Coming soon in a future blog post I will review …

Neuroprotection with Taurine in a Parkinson’s Model System

"There is no medicine like hope, no incentive so great, and no tonic so powerful as expectation of something tomorrow." Orison Swett Marden "Hope sees the invisible, feels the intangible, and achieves the impossible." Helen Keller Introduction: Many of us take levodopa/carbidopa for substantial symptomatic relief; however, this dopamine replacement treatment only relieves symptoms without …