Effect of Posture and Motility on Drug Availability in the Human Stomach

"The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it." Neil deGrasse Tyson "Imagination is more important than knowledge." Albert Einstein Introduction:  Taking something by mouth is a common and relatively easy way to administer a drug. By contrast, when you carefully consider the route, it is a more complex …

Persistent Exercise and Physical Therapy Improve Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms of Parkinson’s

"Beginners are many; finishers are few." Stephen Covey "Nothing comes from doing nothing." William Shakespeare Introduction: By now, you know exercise is medicine for many disorders, including Parkinson's. But how is our health improved for those with Parkinson's, and what does that mean? The studies described here are either review articles that summarize the evidence …

Science Sunday: Cinnamon’s Neuroprotective Potential in Parkinson’s

"The doctor of the future will no longer treat the human frame with drugs, but rather will cure and prevent disease with nutrition." Thomas A. Edison "Our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food." Hippocrates Introduction: Besides being used in foods as a spice, cinnamon has been used for many …

Role of Palmitoylethanolamide to Control Neuroinflammation and Potential Therapy for Parkinson’s

"Our destiny is not determined by the number of times we stumble but by the number of times we rise up, dust ourselves off, and move forward." Dieter F. Uchtdorf "My motto was always to keep swinging. Whether I was in a slump or feeling bad or having trouble off the field, the only thing …

World Parkinson’s Day 2022: Hope Has Not Been Canceled

"There is no medicine like hope." Orison Swett Marden "If we believe that tomorrow will be better, we can bear a hardship today" Nhat Hanh Introduction: I have been putting the 100th change/addition/modification to a manuscript that was just submitted for publication. The manuscript concerns the role of SARS-CoV-2 (aka, COVID-19) to promote neurodegeneration in Parkinson's …

Parkinson’s and Axial Mobility (Part 1, Cervical Spine)

"Lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being" Plato "If we could give every individual the right amount of nourishment and exercise, not too little and not too much, we would have found the safest way to health." Hippocrates Introduction: The function of our spine and all the bones and muscles, and associated …

Apathy and Parkinson’s

"Apathy is the acceptance of the unacceptable." John Stott "I don't know, I don't care, and it doesn't make any difference." Jack Kerouac Definition: Apathy (ap·a·thy, /ˈapəTHē/) lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern. Occurrence of Apathy in Parkinson's: The presence of apathy in Parkinson's is between 17% to 70%, the wide range is partly due …

Basal Ganglia, Nigrostriatal Pathway and Parkinson’s

"Hope arouses, as nothing else can arouse, a passion for the possible." William Sloane Coffin "Walk on, walk on with hope in your heart, and you'll never walk alone, you'll never walk alone." Oscar Hammerstein II Introduction: I have been trying to learn more about brain physiology and the inner workings as it relates to …

In the Time of COVID-19

"You do not need to know precisely what is happening, or exactly where it is all going. What you need is to recognize the possibilities and challenges offered by the present moment, and to embrace them with courage, faith and hope." Thomas Merton "Everyone is handed adversity in life. No one's journey is easy. It's …

Living Well With Parkinson’s

"Live well, learn plenty, laugh often, love much." Ralph Waldo Emerson "He who has a why to live can bear almost any how." Friedrich Nietzsche **Introduction: Recently, I wrote a blog post entitled "A Checklist for Supporting Someone with Parkinson’s" (to read it click here). Briefly, I had been meeting people who had friends with …

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