Brief Report: Social Isolation and Loneliness are Risk Factors for Worsening Parkinson’s Symptoms

"A person is a person through other persons; you can't be human in isolation; you are human only in relationships." Desmond Tutu "There is a difference between solitude and isolation. One is connected and one isn't. Solitude replenishes, isolation diminishes." Henry Cloud Précis: Humans need connection, contact, and social interactions to thrive and survive. We …

Wellness Checklist for Life in the Presence of Parkinson’s

"Today is the first day of the rest of your life." Abbie Hoffman "Your life is a work of art that you will work on the rest of your life." Richard Blanco Introduction: The year is closing in on us, one for the record books; a year like no other, it would seem. The Pandemic …

Botulinum Toxin for Treatment of Dystonia, Sialorrhea (Drooling), and Tremor in Parkinson’s

"Being happy doesn't mean that everything is perfect. It means that you've decided to look beyond the imperfections." Gerard Way "Rules for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for." Immanuel Kant Introduction:  I have a new friend with Parkinson's. He has always been very active and genuinely enjoys playing golf. However, he …

Treating Parkinson’s with Carbidopa/Levodopa

"If you are always trying to be normal you will never know how amazing you can be." Maya Angelou "Hope and fear cannot occupy the same space. Invite one to stay." Maya Angelou Précis: This blog post's primary goal is to present an overview of Carbidopa/Levodopa (originally named Sinemet) for treating Parkinson's. A secondary objective was …

Brief Report: DIY COVID-19 Disinfectant Wipes, Spray and Gel

*DIY = Do-It-Yourself “What would life be if we had no courage to attempt anything?” Vincent Van Gogh “The only man who never makes mistakes is the man who never does anything.” Theodore Roosevelt Introduction: A novel coronavirus, originally named 2019-nCoV, began circulating around the world in late 2019. It was later renamed to severe …

Journey With Parkinson’s: (Part 2) A Different Side of Life

"Yesterday is but today's memory, and tomorrow is today's dream." Khalil Gibran "Time is free, but it's priceless. You can't own it, but you can use it. You can't keep it, but you can spend it. Once you've lost it you can never get it back." Harvey Mackay Introduction: I am a scientist, trained as …

Journey with Parkinson’s: (Part 1) Another Side of Life

"All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us." J. R. R. Tolkien "We must not allow the clock and the calendar to blind us to the fact that each moment of life is a miracle and mystery." H. G. Wells Introduction:  Parkinson's changes us in many ways: …

Basal Ganglia, Nigrostriatal Pathway and Parkinson’s

"Hope arouses, as nothing else can arouse, a passion for the possible." William Sloane Coffin "Walk on, walk on with hope in your heart, and you'll never walk alone, you'll never walk alone." Oscar Hammerstein II Introduction: I have been trying to learn more about brain physiology and the inner workings as it relates to …

Cytokines Linked to Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms of Parkinson’s

"Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step." Lao Tzu "When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be." Lao Tzu Introduction: There are many ways that Parkinson’s begins. …

Life With Parkinson’s

"Hope makes a good breakfast. Eat plenty of it." Ian Fleming "Learn from yesterday, live for today." Albert Einstein Introduction: In early March, 2015, I began this blog. And I closed the first blog post as follows: "In closing this opening blog, I am trying to live life well and authentically, and not be defined …