Effect of Posture and Motility on Drug Availability in the Human Stomach

"The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it." Neil deGrasse Tyson "Imagination is more important than knowledge." Albert Einstein Introduction:  Taking something by mouth is a common and relatively easy way to administer a drug. By contrast, when you carefully consider the route, it is a more complex …

Science Sunday: Cinnamon’s Neuroprotective Potential in Parkinson’s

"The doctor of the future will no longer treat the human frame with drugs, but rather will cure and prevent disease with nutrition." Thomas A. Edison "Our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food." Hippocrates Introduction: Besides being used in foods as a spice, cinnamon has been used for many …

Importance of Magnesium in the Brain and Magnesium Threonate is Neuroprotective in a Mouse Model of Parkinson’s

"The world may be broken, but hope is not crazy." John Green "Our eternal message of hope is that dawn will come." Martin Luther King, Jr. Introduction:  Epidemiological studies show that magnesium deficiency is associated with a Parkinson's like syndrome called Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome (PDC). PDC patients have progressive cognitive decline, parkinsonian, and the loss of the …

Human Gut Microbes Identified That Process Levodopa

"Symbiosis is a much higher reflection of intelligent life." Frederick Lenz "Why do we do basic research? To learn about ourselves." Walter Gilbert Overview: Reading the article entitled "Discovery and inhibition of an interspecies gut bacterial pathway for Levodopa metabolism" from V. Maini Rekdal et al., Science 364, eaau6323 (2019) (DOI: 10.1126/science.aau6323- open access) made …

Neurological Mayhem by Dual Antioxidative and Anti-inflammatory Agents in Aged Parkinson’s Mice

"No person was ever honored for what he received. Honor has been the reward for what he gave." Calvin Coolidge "The most reliable way to predict the future is to create it." Abraham Lincoln Introduction: Recently, Jeff Keegan asked me if I had seen the paper by Gil-Martínez et al., an established Parkinson's research group …

Journey with Parkinson’s: Brief Reports on Current Research/Issues

"There is a single light of science, and to brighten it anywhere is to brighten it everywhere." Isaac Asimov “Live neither in the past nor in the future, but let each day’s work absorb your entire energies, and satisfy your widest ambition.”  Sir William Osler Introduction: For the following reasons, I would like to introduce and …

Parkinson’s Awareness Month: The Science Behind How Exercise Slows Disease Progression

"Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do." John Wooden "To enjoy the glow of good health, you must exercise." Gene Tunney Précis: For Parkinson's Awareness Month, let's begin with an important reminder/statement that "Exercise is medicine for Parkinson's disease."  Coming soon in a future blog post I will review …

Neuroprotection with Taurine in a Parkinson’s Model System

"There is no medicine like hope, no incentive so great, and no tonic so powerful as expectation of something tomorrow." Orison Swett Marden "Hope sees the invisible, feels the intangible, and achieves the impossible." Helen Keller Introduction: Many of us take levodopa/carbidopa for substantial symptomatic relief; however, this dopamine replacement treatment only relieves symptoms without …

The Yack on NAC (N-Acetyl-Cysteine) and Parkinson’s

"Once you choose hope, anything's possible." Christopher Reeve "Hope is like a road in the country; there was never a road, but when many people walk on it, the road comes into existence." Lin Yutang Introduction: N-Acetyl-Cysteine (or N-acetylcysteine, usually abbreviated NAC and frequently pronounced like the word 'knack') is an altered (modified by an …

2016: The Year in Parkinson’s

“The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious. It is the fundamental emotion that stands at the cradle of true art and true science.” Albert Einstein “Your assumptions are your windows on the world. Scrub them off every once in a while, or the light won't come in.” Isaac Asimov Summary: (Part 1) …

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