Human Gut Microbes Identified That Process Levodopa

"Symbiosis is a much higher reflection of intelligent life." Frederick Lenz "Why do we do basic research? To learn about ourselves." Walter Gilbert Overview: Reading the article entitled "Discovery and inhibition of an interspecies gut bacterial pathway for Levodopa metabolism" from V. Maini Rekdal et al., Science 364, eaau6323 (2019) (DOI: 10.1126/science.aau6323- open access) made …

2019 Parkinson’s Awareness Month- 12 Rules of Life With Exercise

"If we could give every individual the right amount of nourishment and exercise, not too little and not too much, we would have found the safest way to health." Hippocrates "Patients should have rest, food, fresh air, and exercise - the quadrangle of health." William Osler Introduction: April is Parkinson's Awareness Month. I am convinced …

Whey Protein Supplements May Increase Glutathione in Parkinson’s

"Basic research is what I am doing when I don't know what I am doing." Wernher von Braun "As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality." Albert Einstein Overview: In 1989, Riederer and others demonstrated that …

Brief Report: Link Between Physical Activity and Health-related Quality of Life in Parkinson’s

"The body achieves what the mind believes." Jim Evans “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving.” Albert Einstein Overview: Dr. Ehlen and associates work in the Department of Neurology, Charité-University Medicine, Berlin, Germany and Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht, Netherlands.  Their publication is open-access and is cited …

Dopamine Agonists and Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson’s

"Whenever you are immersed in compulsive thinking, you are avoiding what is. You don't want to be where you are. Here, Now." Eckhart Tolle "Somewhere between obsession and compulsion is impulse." Alexander Pushkin Introduction: In the latest issue of Neurology (June, 2018), Dr. Corvol and collaborators in Paris, France, present the results of a long-term …

Parkinson’s Awareness Month: The Science Behind How Exercise Slows Disease Progression

"Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do." John Wooden "To enjoy the glow of good health, you must exercise." Gene Tunney Précis: For Parkinson's Awareness Month, let's begin with an important reminder/statement that "Exercise is medicine for Parkinson's disease."  Coming soon in a future blog post I will review …

Neuroprotection with Taurine in a Parkinson’s Model System

"There is no medicine like hope, no incentive so great, and no tonic so powerful as expectation of something tomorrow." Orison Swett Marden "Hope sees the invisible, feels the intangible, and achieves the impossible." Helen Keller Introduction: Many of us take levodopa/carbidopa for substantial symptomatic relief; however, this dopamine replacement treatment only relieves symptoms without …